HQN Health and Safety Network News
The Health and Safety Network (SAFETYnet) routinely looks over the biggest and most relevant news stories, reports and publications of the past few days for members, while providing relevant analysis and comment.
For more expert analysis, briefings and best practice for those involved in the safety of residents and employees, be sure to join SAFETYnet. You can find out more here.
Company fined after child killed by falling gate
An electric gate company has been fined after a six-year-old boy was fatally crushed whilst playing on a sliding gate installed by the company.
Leeds Crown Court heard how, on 31 October 2015, the boy was playing with friends on the gate of an underground car park on Leylands Road, Leeds, pushing it open and closed. The gate was pushed beyond the retaining mechanism as no end-stop had been fitted to the gate track. The gate fell over, trapping and fatally crushing the child.
An investigation by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) found the company that had manufactured and installed the electric gate failed to install an end-stop. No-one else involved in commissioning or maintaining the gate over the next six years noticed and rectified the deficiency.
Bradfabs Ltd of Bradford pleaded guilty to breaching Section 3 (1) of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 and was fined £30,000 and ordered to pay full costs of £12,411.46.
Advice from MCHLG – Round-up of updates
There has been considerable activity with ongoing advice from MHCLG.
1) This has included further advice for maintaining a building with High Pressure Laminate (HPL) cladding systems over 18 metres tall; Advice Note 22 – Use of High Pressure Laminate Panels in external wall systems should be read in conjunction with advice note 14: external wall systems that do not incorporate ACM.
You can find the information you need here.
2) A report on 25 different timber fire doors that passed the 30-minute standard on both sides when manufactured to specification and installed correctly and had the required documentation and certification was released.
The test data is provided to inform building owners building risk assessments and plans for fitting and repair or replacement of fire doors. Details within the note provide important context for the results supplied which represent only a sample of the market and are only relevant for the specific model of door set tested from the manufacturer. The note does not make any recommendations for fitting, repair or replacement, which is a matter for individual building owners and their advisers.
You can find the information you need here.
3) Neil O’Connor (Director, Building Safety Programme) is asking local authorities to collect data on the buildings in their area about external wall systems used on high rise residential buildings.
All of the information you need can be found here.
4) The Fire Protection Association (FPA) has at the request of MHCLG tested a HPL panel system with stone wool insulation, in accordance with British Standard 8414, in a 9-metre high wall rig and a full report is available.
You can access the report here.
Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome guidance
The use of powered hand tools for prolonged periods of time can lead to hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS), a painful disabling disease of the hands affecting blood vessels, nerves and joints.
Each year there are around 600-900 cases of HAVS reported to HSE under the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations (RIDDOR), and there were over 400 new Industrial Injuries Disablement Benefit cases in 2017 for HAVS and carpal tunnel syndrome.
Are you managing your HAVS risk as well as you could be doing?
By law, employers must assess and identify measures to eliminate or reduce risks from exposures to harmful vibration, and where required, to provide appropriate training and health surveillance. Take a look at the information on HSE’s website to find out what you need to do.
Update to L140 – Hand-Arm Vibration: The Control Of Vibration At Work Regulations 2005
The guidance has been updated in keeping with changes to related legislation, technical advances and experience. It is aimed at employers as well as those who advise employers, such as health and safety professionals, vibration specialists and occupational health professionals – download a printable version or order your hardcopy now via the HSE website.
In March 2018 a community housing association in Wales was sentenced after it failed to effectively manage its employees’ exposure to Hand Arm Vibration Syndrome (HAVS) over a prolonged period of time. Find out about the case here.
Landlord of lock up garages fined for asbestos failings
The proprietor of a set of lock up garages in Wigston, Leicestershire has been sentenced for asbestos related offences.
Leicester Crown Court heard that work carried out by Paul Whitaker in March and April 2016 spread asbestos over a number of domestic gardens after a powered jet-wash was used to clean asbestos cement roof sheets. The power of the water jet caused asbestos to be dislodged from the roofs, and spread across the gardens, the garage units themselves, and nearby Network Rail land. This put members of the public at risk of exposure to asbestos fibres – a Class 1 carcinogen.
An investigation by the HSE found that work should have been planned to include the use of basic precautions as detailed in published and widely recognised guidance for working with asbestos cement. Low energy cleaning methods and proper protective measures would have prevented the release of asbestos fibres thus eliminating much of the risk.
Paul Whitaker of Syston, Leicestershire, pleaded guilty to breaching Section 3(2) of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974. He was fined £ 600 and ordered to pay £10,000 of prosecution costs.
Full story and photographs can be found here, as well as comments from the HSE.
Health board and company director sentenced after worker suffers life-changing injuries
A Cardiff-based health board and the director of a maintenance company have today been sentenced after a worker fell from height, suffering life-changing injuries.
Cardiff Crown Court heard how, on 22 September 2016, Christopher Rees, employed by W D Rees Maintenance Ltd, was undertaking window cleaning at the Women’s Services Unit of the University Hospital of Wales in Cardiff. Mr Rees was using suspended access equipment when he fell from the end of the beam supporting him as there was no end stop fitted, suffering significant and life-changing injuries including a broken back.
An investigation by the HSE found Wayne Daniel Rees, as the director of W D Rees Maintenance Ltd, had failed to effectively plan the work at height task. He did not undertake a suitable and sufficient risk assessment or ensure that a safe system of work was in place for cleaning the windows. He made no arrangements to ensure the task was effectively supervised and also failed to ensure that there were suitable trained staff, safe equipment and a suitable rescue plan in place.
The investigation also found Cardiff and Vale University Health Board failed to effectively manage their contractors. They did not undertake suitable checks to ensure W D Rees Maintenance Ltd were competent to carry out such work or ensure a suitable risk assessment or safe system of work was in place. They provided the beam, a piece of lifting equipment, which was used to support Christopher Rees but failed to ensure it had been examined to ensure it was safe for use.
Cardiff and the Vale University Health Board of The University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff pleaded guilty to breaching Section 3 of Health and Safety At Work Act 1974 and has been fined £400,000 and ordered to pay £15,845.90 in costs.
Wayne Daniel Rees of Cardiff pleaded guilty to breaching Regulation 4 (1) of the Work at Height Regulations 2005 and received a six month jail sentence suspended for 12 months and has been disqualified from being a company director for five years.
Speaking after the hearing, HSE inspector Gethyn Jones commented:
“Dutyholders must ensure that all work at height activities are properly planned, appropriately supervised and undertaken in a safe manner. It is essential that companies employing contractors do not simply rely on the knowledge and experience of the contractor but make reasonably practicable checks themselves to ensure work is safely completed.”
Full story can be found here.
Company and director fined following work’s fatal fall from a tree
A property investment company and its director have been fined after a worker fell from a tree causing fatal injuries.
Nottingham Crown Court heard how on 27 September 2017 untrained workers were tasked with taking down a large, dead sycamore tree on Ebers Road in Nottingham using a chain saw. One worker went up a ladder and used the saw to cut a branch, which when released swung back at the worker knocking him out of the tree. As he was not using ropes to anchor himself into the tree he then fell to the ground. The man was taken to hospital and sadly died two weeks later.
An investigation by the HSE revealed that workers should have been trained in chainsaw use and in working with saws in trees. The work should also have been properly planned with competent workers using correct personal protective equipment (PPE) for operating the saws and climbing the tree.
Claudio De Falco of The Spinney, Woodthorpe, Nottingham as Director pleaded guilty to a breach of Regulation 4 (1)(c) of the Work at Height Regulations 2005. He was fined £40,000 and ordered to pay costs of £6,350.
CDF Properties Investment Ltd of Haydn Road, Nottingham pleaded guilty to a breach Regulation 4 (1)(c) of the Work at Height Regulations 2005.
The company was fined £80,000 and ordered to pay costs of £12,700.
You can read the full story including HSE comments here.
Building services company fined for unsafe gas work that caused fires at housing development
EGP Building Services Limited (EGP) has been fined for unsafe gas work which resulted in gas escapes; subsequent fires were reported at two occupied properties at a new housing development In Warwickshire.
Coventry Magistrates’ Court heard how EGP was contracted to undertake gas work at the Bellway Homes development at Heathcote Park, between August 2016 and May 2018. During this time, gas hob installations were undertaken by EGP fitters who were either not gas safe registered or operatives who were gas safe registered but were working outside the scope of their registration and not competent to undertake such work.
An investigation by the HSE found that more than 60 properties were identified as being immediately dangerous and posed a serious fire and explosion risk to the occupants. The investigation revealed the company had failed to ensure that a system was in place to adequately and effectively plan, supervise and monitor the installation of gas hobs to ensure it was being carried out in accordance with industry requirements.
EGP Building Services Ltd of Craftsmans Way, Leicester, pleaded guilty to breaching Section 3 (1) of the Health and Safety etc. Act 1974. The company has been sentenced to a fine of £280,000 and ordered to pay costs of £918.00.
Full story and HSE Comments are here.
MHCLG Advice Note on Balconies on Residential Buildings
The Ministry for Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG) have issued an advice note on the risks arising from balconies on residential buildings. The advice note is written for residents and building owners of residential buildings with multiple dwellings (i.e. blocks of flats), although the principles may also apply to other building types.
Balconies made with combustible materials are a potential source of rapid fire spread on the external wall of residential buildings.
In summary, the advice note provides the following information;
- The MHCLG’s position, endorsed by the Expert Panel, is that the building regulations required that the material and construction of balconies should have been such that balconies should not compromise resident safety by providing a means of external fire spread, even before the introduction of the ban on combustible materials in December 2018. Previously issued Advice Note 14, which advises building owners to ensure they have assessed the risks with regards to external walls, and this note clarifies the advice in relation to balconies
- Building owners should be aware of the materials used in the construction of their external wall, including the construction of balconies and the potential for any horizontal and vertical fire spread due to their arrangement on the external wall. These should be considered as part of any fire risk assessment
- The view of the Expert Panel is that the removal and replacement of any combustible material used in balcony construction is the clearest way to prevent external fire spread from balconies and therefore to meet the intention of building regulation requirements and this should occur as soon as practical.
- Building owners should inform residents about the risks arising from the presence of combustible materials on balconies. They should make clear that smoking, the use of barbecues and storage of flammable property on balconies can increase that risk. Advice from fire and rescue authorities is clear that barbecues should not be used on balconies.
You should, however, read the full advice note, which can be accessed here.
HSE releases annual workplace fatality figures
The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) has released its annual figures for work-related fatal injuries for 2018/19 as well as the number of people known to have died from the asbestos-related cancer, mesothelioma, in 2017.
The provisional annual data for work-related fatal injuries revealed that 147 workers were fatally injured between April 2018 and March 2019 (a rate of 0.45 per 100,000 workers).
There has been a long-term reduction in the number of fatalities since 1981. Although 2018/19 saw an increase of six workplace fatalities from 2017/18, the number has remained broadly level in recent years.
The three most common causes of fatal injuries continue to be; workers falling from height (40), being struck by a moving vehicle (30) and being struck by a moving object (16), accounting for nearly 60 per cent of fatal injuries in 2018/19.
The new figures continued to highlight the risks to older workers; 25 per cent of fatal injuries in 2018/19 were to workers aged 60 or over, even though such workers made up only around ten per cent of the workforce.
In addition, there were also 92 members of the public fatally injured in incidents connected to work in 2018/2019, approximately a third of which took place on railways.
Mesothelioma, which is contracted through past exposure to asbestos and is one of the few work-related diseases where deaths can be counted directly, killed 2,523 in Great Britain in 2017- a broadly similar number to the previous five years. The current figures are largely a consequence of occupational asbestos exposures that occurred before 1980. Annual deaths are expected to remain broadly at current levels for the rest of the decade before beginning to reduce in number.
You can read all of the statistics in the full report on the HSE website here.
Company director and two construction companies sentenced after worker falls from height
A company director has received a Community Service Order and two construction companies have been fined after a worker suffered life changing injuries following a fall from a scaffold tower during the refurbishment of an old pub in Reading.
Reading Magistrates’ Court heard how on 2 December 2016 Samuel Goemans of Cedar Ridge Construction Limited suffered a serious head injury after falling from a tower scaffold onto the street below (London Road). His injuries have led to long term brain and memory problems and have resulted in him suffering from seizures and losing the ability to care for himself.
An investigation by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) found that the principal contractor failed to control the safety and planning on site and the sub-contractor carried out unsafe working practices.
The principal contractor, Turnkey Contractors Limited pleaded guilty to breaching Section 3 (1) of The Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974. The company has been fined £40,000 and ordered to pay costs of £3,184.00. The director of Turnkey Contractors Limited, Santokh Dhanda, of Ethelburt Avenue, Bassett Green, Southampton pleaded guilty to breaching Section 3 (1) of The Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974 and has received a Community Service Order for 100 hours.
The subcontractor, Cedar Ridge Construction Limited of Waterloo Road, Wokingham pleaded guilty to breaching Regulation 4 (1) of The Work at Height Regulations 2005. The company has been fined £40,000 and ordered to pay costs of £3,184.00.
Falls from height remain one of the most common causes of work-related injuries in this country and the risks associated with working at height are well known. The case highlights the importance of following industry guidance and in order to design and erect scaffolding in a safe manner, which does not raise risk to members of the public and workers using the scaffold.
You can read the full press release on the HSE website here.
Home Office call for evidence on the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005
This call for evidence seeks views and evidence on the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 for England in workplaces and the parts used in common in multi-occupied residential buildings.
The government is seeking feedback on the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 – the Fire Safety Order – which regulates fire safety in non-domestic premises.
This call for evidence is the first step to update the evidence base to ensure that the Fire Safety Order is fit for purpose for all regulated premises. We would like to hear from enforcing authorities, fire safety professionals, those who are regulated by the order and those whose safety must be considered under the order.
For workplaces, this includes employers and employees; for the parts used in common in residential buildings, this includes landlords, managing agents and residents.
The call for evidence complements the government’s consultation, Building a Safer Future: Proposals for reform in the building safety regulatory system. Both the consultation and call for evidence are important steps in the government’s programme of work to reform the building regulations and fire safety system, making sure that people are safe, and feel safe, now and in the future.
Responses to the call for evidence will be used to assess any changes that may be needed and how they may be best achieved to ensure high and proportionate standards of fire safety in all buildings covered by the order.
This consultation closes at 11:45pm on 31 July 2019
ALL information and documentation as well as the link for the online response can be found here:
Construction company and director fined for unsafe removal of asbestos
A construction company and its director have been fined after failing to ensure the safe removal of asbestos during demolition work.
Greater Manchester Magistrates’ Court heard how Sherwood Homes Limited was the client responsible for the demolition of Crowton Mill in Northwich. Peter Kiely was a director of the company when the results of an asbestos survey conducted in January 2017 were received that identified the presence of asbestos containing materials on the site. The extra work required to remove the asbestos increased the estimated costs and timescale for the completion of the demolition.
An investigation carried out by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) found that Sherwood Homes Limited failed to ensure suitable contractors were used to carry out the asbestos removal work and demolition of the mill in February 2017. No record of a notification to HSE to remove asbestos had been received for the site. No details of how the asbestos containing materials were removed or how they were disposed were provided to HSE.
Sherwood Homes Limited have had previous enforcement by HSE, including a prosecution in 2018 in relation to their role as a construction client.
Sherwood Homes Limited of Houldsworth Street, Stockport was found guilty to breaching regulation 4(1) of the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015. The company was fined £170,000 and ordered to pay costs of £10,406.
Company director Peter Kiely of Bolton, pleaded guilty to breaching section 37 of the Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974, in relation to the company’s failing of regulation 4(1) of the Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015. Peter Kiely was fined £6,500 and ordered to pay costs of £7000.
Read the full story here.
Two companies fined after floor layer fatally exposed to toxic substance
A supplier and a flooring company have both been sentenced following the death of a floor layer in London.
Westminster Magistrates’ Court heard that on 4 September 2015, 30-year-old Paul Tilcock was found deceased by the owner of house in Mitcham on the bathroom floor. The adhesive used to fix the flooring contained a large amount of toxic substance.
An investigation by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) found that T Brown Group Ltd had not implemented any systems or procedures adequately to control the risks to its employees from working in an enclosed space with a substance known to be hazardous to health, namely dichloromethane. The decision on whether to wear respiratory protection (face masks) or on what type of respiratory protection should be used was left up to employees. When Mr Tilcock’s body was found he was wearing a completely ineffectual face mask.
Altro Limited, the flooring company who supplied the adhesive, was found not to have ensured so far as reasonably practicable that the product supplied was safe to use at all times
T Brown Group Ltd of High Street, Ewell, Surrey pleaded guilty to a breach under Section 2 (1) of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974. The company was fined £250,000 and ordered to pay full costs of £23,936.
Altro Limited of Works Road, Letchworth, Herts pleaded guilty to a breach under Section 6 (4) of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974. The company was fined £500,000 and ordered to pay full costs of £34,773.
Read the full story here.
Care Home fined after resident died from complications after eating chlorine tablets
A care home operator has been fined £270,000, after a resident of Lomond Court Care Home, Glenrothes, Fife (who suffered symptoms of Alzheimer’s Disease) put chlorine tablets in his mouth and chewed them, leading to his death.
Kirkcaldy Sheriff Court heard how on 4 August 2015 a delivery of cleaning products was made to Lomond Court. These were left unattended in a corridor, in an unsealed box. In that box was a tub containing chlorine tablets which were unwrapped, about the size of a 10 pence piece, white and similar in appearance to mints. Staff found the resident, 72-year-old James McConnell, distressed and in pain, close to where the cleaning products had been left. There was a white tablet on the floor next to him and at least one tablet in his mouth. The tub of chlorine tablets was lying open and three of the 200 tablets were missing. Mr McDonnell sustained an injury to his mouth and tongue as well as vomiting. As a result, he developed aspiration pneumonia, complications of which led to his death.
An investigation by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) found that prior to Mr McConnell’s death, the company had failed to assess the risk posed by several chemical products (including the chlorine tablets). They also failed to have an adequate system of work to manage deliveries of chemical products or to have an appropriate review procedure in place for the delivery arrangements of the chemical products for a period of two years
HC-ONE Limited of Southgate House, Archer Street, Darlington, County Durham, pleaded guilty to breaching Sections 3(1) and 33(1)(a) of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974 and fined £270,000.
Speaking after the hearing HSE inspector Garry Miller said “This distressing incident confirms the need for anyone handling potentially harmful substances to be extra vigilant in ensuring that they are not left unattended in circumstances where vulnerable people in their care can gain access to them.
“Suitable procedures need to be put in place and then regularly checked to ensure that they are being followed by everyone, not just for the use of such substances, but also for their delivery, storage and disposal.”
Read the full story here.
NHS Trust sentenced after employees and contractors exposed to Asbestos during refurbishment work
Whilst we appreciate that this is an NHS Trust there are similarities to the work that could be undertaken by those in the Social Housing Sector.
Shrewsbury and Telford Hospital NHS Trust has been fined after refurbishment work undertaken in an accommodation block at Royal Shrewsbury Hospital exposed Trust employees and contractors to asbestos. Telford Magistrates’ Court heard how in June 2012 Trust employees were removing fixtures and fittings from the empty flat when they disturbed asbestos containing materials (ACMs). The Trust then failed to take adequate measures to deal with the initial release of asbestos, exposing other contractors who later worked in the flat.
An investigation by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) found that the Trust did not properly record ACM on their estate; they had arrangements in place to manage asbestos, however, the overall management plan for dealing with asbestos was not recorded in a clear and concise manner or effectively communicated to its employees and contractors working on site.
The Trust had insufficient auditing procedures to ensure that the arrangements contained in the policy and management plan were fully implemented, working properly and effective. The procedures in place upon the discovery of asbestos were inadequate and the Trust failed to prevent re-entry into the contaminated area by other workers.
Shrewsbury and Telford Hospitals NHS Trust Shrewsbury pleaded guilty to two breaches of the Control of Asbestos Regulations 2012 and fined £16,000 and ordered to pay costs of £18,385.80.
The HSE commented that ‘This prosecution should act as a reminder, not just to Hospitals but to anyone in control of the repair and maintenance of non-domestic premises, of the need to ensure that correct control measures are put in place to ensure that exposure to asbestos is prevented, so far as is reasonably practicable.”
Read the full HSE press release here.
Contractor fined following illegal asbestos work
An Oldham building contractor has been fined following the uncontrolled removal of asbestos during a garage conversion.
Manchester and Salford Magistrates’ Court heard how in December 2017 the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) was notified by a member of the public of fibrous board outside the property in Chadderton, Oldham which looked like asbestos insulation board. Mr Mohammad Arshad, a contractor appointed by the home owner to carry out the work, had stripped the garage ceiling and removed the material, leaving debris on site. The material was tested during a site visit, and was confirmed as being licensable asbestos containing material.
The HSE investigation into the incident found Mr Arshad had carried out the removal of licensable asbestos containing materials without being licensed to do so and without suitable control measures for preventing exposure to and spread of asbestos fibres. A prohibition notice was issued and the area was sealed off before being cleaned by a licensed contractor under fully controlled conditions.
Mohammad Arshad pleaded guilty to breaches of Regulation 11 (1) (a), Regulation 8 (1) and Regulation 16 of the Control of Asbestos Regulations 2012 and was fined £1200 and ordered to pay costs of £1000.
Read the full HSE press release here.
Legionnaires’ disease monthly surveillance reports: 2019
We thought you’d be interested to read the latest report from Public Health England (PHE).
The national surveillance scheme for Legionnaires’ disease in residents of England and Wales is co-ordinated by PHE and the main objectives of the scheme are to:
- detect clusters and outbreaks of Legionella in England and Wales or abroad through the surveillance of all reported cases
- identify sources of infection so that control measures can be assessed and where necessary improved upon, to prevent further cases
- as a member state, collaborate with the European Legionnaires’ disease Surveillance Network (ELDSNet) in the detection, control and prevention of cases, clusters and outbreaks within European countries through the reporting of travel associated cases of Legionnaires’ disease
The report found here provides a summary of data extracted from the national Legionella database for confirmed and suspected cases of Legionellosis in residents of England and Wales, as reported to the national surveillance scheme during the month of February 2019.
Cases of legionella don’t tend to get reported that often, so we though you may find the information interesting.
Electrical contractor fined after two injured falling through uncovered floor hatch
An Aberdeen electrical company contracted to rewire and install new heating systems in Aberdeenshire Council properties has today been fined for failing to put in place adequate barriers and physical warning signs around open floor hatches in a residential property. As a consequence of this failure the resident of the property and her brother-in-law fell into one of the uncovered floor hatches and both sustained injuries.
Aberdeen Sheriff Court heard that employees of the company were working at a residential property when they failed to put in place suitable and sufficient measures to prevent persons from falling into the uncovered floor hatches.
An investigation by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) concluded that there was nothing in place to prevent either the resident of the property or her brother-in-law from falling through the uncovered floor hatch at the rear of the property. If adequate barriers and physical warning signs had been in place around the uncovered floor hatch then these incidents would have been preventable.
R.B. Wilson (Electrical) Limited, of 1 East Craibstone Street, Aberdeen pleaded guilty to breaching Regulations 6(3) of the Work at Height Regulations 2005 and were fined £24,000.
Read the full story here.
Revised British Standard BS 7974 on fire safety engineering published by BSI
The original British Standard for fire safety engineering, BS 7974, was published in 2001 and has been supplemented by a series of later guidance documents
Since 2001, there have been major changes within the fire and construction industry involving working practices and the regulatory framework, as well as new research, all of which prompted an update to the existing guidance framework. As a result, BSI has significantly revised the 2001 edition of BS 7974 and has published a new version entitled BS 7974:2019 – Application of Fire Safety Engineering Principles to the Design of Buildings.
What is this standard about?
This is the “go-to” document for fire safety engineering (FSE) in the UK. It provides a framework for an engineering approach to the fire safety of buildings, giving recommendations and guidance on applying scientific and engineering principles to the protection of people, property and the environment from fire. It applies to the design of new buildings and the appraisal of existing buildings.
Why should you use this standard?
The general approach to fire safety engineering (FSE) described in the standard can be applied to all types and uses of buildings or to facilities such as tunnels and process plants. When correctly implemented, its recommendations will help preserve life in an emergency situation and ensure the protection of buildings themselves. The standard can be applied to new or to existing buildings to show that regulatory requirements can be met.
What’s changed since the last update?
This is the first revision of the standard since being originally published in 2001.
It introduces the following principal changes:
- Recommendations previously contained in PD 7974-0:2002 and PD 7974-8:2012 have now been incorporated to reduce repetition and improve usability
- A greater emphasis is put on the competence of the fire engineer
- Additional recommendations are included on the quality assurance and verification of fire engineering reports.